�%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, It is said that the bracts of the Dogwood flower resemble the Cross and bear nail marks of the crucifixion. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. Dogwood anthracnose is a troubling disease that has become nearly epidemic since the late 1970s. The blossoms of dogwood add a welcome touch of color in early spring. Dogwood trees are widely known as an ornamental tree with beautiful white blooms in the spring followed by multi colored leaves in the summer and autumn berries. 0000004985 00000 n New trees need a different ratio than established specimens. In this usage it is called an accent tree. 0000004736 00000 n Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. startxref Writer-naturalist Donald Peattie once wrote, “Lovely as it is, dogwood stoops also to be useful.”. 0000010521 00000 n The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. Textile manufactures found that the longer a dogwood shuttle was in use, the smoother its wood became. Traditional Chinese medicine uses dogwood fruit to stabilize and tonify the kidney and liver. 0000012355 00000 n We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. trailer 0000005241 00000 n Learn how your comment data is processed. Its toughness is appreciated in a variety of applications, though its poor dimensional stability means that its use is usually restricted to … Planting in this way also protects dogwood’s compaction-sensitive roots. This tree is known to flower very early. 0000006213 00000 n How to Plant and Care for Flowering Dogwood, When planting flowering dogwood, careful site selection and some attention to regular care will be rewarded with an addition to the landscape that provides long-lasting, four-season beauty around the home, business or in lightly used areas of parks. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. Saws or shears should be sanitized in Clorox or a similar solution after infected trees are pruned. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas … In a small, intimate space where an enclosed feeling is desired, the spreading branches of dogwood can provide a pleasant “roof.”  (Some pruning of the lowest branches might be necessary for this use.) American dogwood is a tree. George Washington planted them at Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. %PDF-1.4 %���� Brighter Blooms 5 Gal. Dogwood trees are trees in the Genus: Cornus. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. Noteworthy Characteristics. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� The Dogwood tree is an extremely common ornamental plant, dogwood trees offer beautiful flowers and unique fruits. The type of dogwood tree food is an important consideration too. Avoid: In recent years, dogwoods have been planted in harsh sites where stress predisposes them to a variety of diseases. – Dogwoods have been used medicinally for generations; the bark is rich in tannins, so ground bark or leaves are used to treat pain, fevers, backaches, dizziness, weakness, excessive sweating, uterine … This Genus consists of 30-60 mostly woody plants some of which grow into small trees. 0000042486 00000 n Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. The action of the Dogwood flowers is close to Chamomile for their soothing, tonic, and adaptability to weakened and debilitated conditions of the stomach. 243 0 obj <> endobj 0000008590 00000 n Dogwood Uses The dense, hard wood of dogwood trees was used in the 19th century to make weaving shuttles for textile mills. 243 29 0 Under the best of conditions, the growth rate of this tree is considered “medium.”. Today, flowering dogwood is also of economic importance to Tennesseans. America's founding fathers were big dogwood fans. Research has shown that infected trees can be saved by pruning and destroying infected branches. H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�؜6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 0000007646 00000 n Picturesque ornamentals are selected for this role – standing alone like a piece of fine sculpture to be viewed from all sides. The fruit is an oval drupe of a glossy scarlet colour, containing a nut with two cells and two seeds, which the birds are very fond of. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. People use Jamaican dogwood for anxiety, sleep problems, nerve pain, migraine, and … %%EOF A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. Dogwood trees need slightly acidic soil to thrive. However, it can tolerate both heavier soils or lighter, sandy soils if other conditions are right. 1 Gal. Accent Tree:  Sometimes a specimen tree (see below) can be placed effectively among a mass of lesser plant material. White Flowering Deciduous Dogwood Tree. Peattie says dogwood is also used to make mauls, mallet heads and wedges. It is little used in modern herbalism. Southern Living Plant Collection 2.5 Qt. As such, the cornus fruit maintains general urogenital health. For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.”  This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. Best soil is a cool, acidic (pH 5.5 to 6.6) loam with a high percentage of organic matter. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses … Dogwood Tree Food. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. 0000001415 00000 n The scientific genus name, Cornus, derives from the Latin, cornu, or horn, in reference to another use of its hard wood. 0000003931 00000 n Flowering Dogwoods (Cornus florida) One of the most popular of all flowering trees is the … The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. In small spaces where there is little foot traffic or where a mulch bed can prevent soil compaction, a dogwood tree can serve this purpose. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Historically, people made medicine from the bark. Dogwood Tree Facts The dogwood name is derived from "dagwood," which refers to the trees' earliest use as material for making daggers and swords. Before you apply any fertilizer for dogwoods, it is a good idea to test your soil and see what nutrients it lacks and if the pH is suited to your plant. Model# DOGWHI01G $ 29 98. Peattie says that the biggest user of dogwood in the last … Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. 0000002793 00000 n Specimen Tree:  A specimen tree is a free-standing element in a landscape design. 0000003134 00000 n The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). In addition to planting only on proper sites, here are some suggestions to keep flowering dogwoods healthy. 0000001704 00000 n The dogwood can be trained to grow with a single trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree. 0000011485 00000 n Dogwood logs were sent as far as England to support production in textile mills. The dogwood tree blooms for a few weeks in the spring, with four-petaled white flowers. Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the … Cornelian Cherry. The first is a native tree and the one you most likely think of when picturing this plant. Extreme care is necessary to prevent trunk damage such as from construction, lawn mowers or weed cutters. 0000025670 00000 n Empress of China Dogwood With Creamy White Blooms Live Evergreen … xref It was also used to counteract the Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. Pivot Point:  Dogwood is a visually pleasing tree to use at a point where two linear flower or ground cover beds form a right angle. Shade over a deck or patio can also be a good use, and as a bonus the winter berries will attract birds to within viewing range. Be sure to plant with the root collar or top of the root ball level with the soil surface — not a bit deeper! Bright autumn foliage and red berries that linger into winter add a bold stroke of color to any landscape design. Flowering dogwood is a spectacular flowering tree native to our region and one of the most popular small ornamental trees in America. While the dogwood tree never again took part in an execution, it’s still said to … 0000004457 00000 n Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). 0000001863 00000 n If space allows, the white can be accentuated with a background of conifers. 271 0 obj<>stream Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia, the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. Flowering dogwood has been named the state tree of both Virginia and Missouri, and the state flower of North Carolina. The Kousa fruit treats symptoms of weak kidney such as dizziness, body pain, and impotence. The tree’s extremely hard wood also found important uses as weavers’ shuttles and in golf club heads, the handles of chisels and mauls, and even as wedges and yokes. Dogwood trees do not get very tall and are ideal for landscape plantings where small trees are desired. It is also one of my favorites and one I use quite often in my landscape designs for clients. Can be planted in shade or partial shade, but full sun helps prevent dogwood anthracnos fungus. 5 Ways to Use Dogwoods From towering trees to spreading groundcovers there’s a Cornus for every corner of the yard. Brighter Blooms 5 Gal. �rG�eK����>"�. It nourishes the kidney of its deficiencies and restores the organ to revitalize its essence. WARNING: The fruit of flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans. 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q Jamaican dogwood is a tree. 0000000892 00000 n Flowering White Dogwood Tree (31) Model# DOG-WHI-34-5 $ 82 96. “According to legend, the Dogwood once grew as a tall, straight tree, but when the Dogwood was used to make the cross, Jesus was so moved that He promised the tree would never again grow large enough to be used for such a purpose. 0000000016 00000 n The root bark is used to make medicine. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. At the same time, the dogwoods in the forest burst into bloom, and they continue to do so right around Easter in what is believed to be a celebration of Jesus’ resurrection. Landscape Use. Its leaves turn a spectacular red in the fall before dropping. – Chaucer used the term “whippletree” to refer to the Dogwood, which is the name for the piece of wood connecting the horse’s harness to the drag pole of a cart. Founded in 1972, the...Read More, 100-year-old oak tree relocated instead of destroyed, Emerald Ash Borer: Important Response to a Slow-Moving Catastrophe, Cambium Carbon Cuts Waste, Builds Green Future, New Collaborative Approaches Drive Natural Climate Solutions, Sites where soil compaction is unavoidable, Soil that becomes excessively dry in summer, Sites exposed to salt spray or air pollution problems, Excessively hot sites such as parking lots. These are the Flowering Dogwood, Kousa, and hybrids. 0000004493 00000 n 0000001235 00000 n 0000009545 00000 n 0000003567 00000 n 0000015025 00000 n 0000005318 00000 n 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� The tree has bright crimson berries that birds just love. The species name, florida, is also from Latin, flos, meaning flowery. 0000006838 00000 n Uses Ethnobotanic: Flowering dogwood root bark was used by Native Americans as a fever reducer, skin astringent, an antidiarrheal agent, and as a pain reliever for headaches, sores, and muscle inflammations. 0000002248 00000 n The fruit that this tree bears can be … It becomes a focal point for viewing and adds to the beauty of the entire ensemble of plants. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. There are various kinds of Dogwood trees but basically three main types. Planting as described above can help prevent this disease. 0000042708 00000 n The wood wore smoothly … The dogwood tree is a deciduous tree, which means it loses its leaves seasonally. Dogwood Trees in The Landscape. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� Viewed from Above:  Branching structure and the delightful way blossoms are borne upward on the branches make this a good choice to plant beneath balconies, high porches, and room windows that look downward on the landscape. Rake and dispose of leaves in autumn to help sanitize the area. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Use 2 to 4 inches of wood chip mulch to help keep the soil cool and moist, and to reduce compaction. Wounds predispose this species this species to invastion by dogwood borers. Pink Dogwood Tree (14) Model# DOG-PIN-45-5 $ 82 96. For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.” This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> But for countless Americans today, the dogwood needs no greater purpose than the remarkable beauty it brings forests and homes. 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Where stress predisposes them to a variety of diseases and adds to the beauty of most. Called an accent tree flowering dogwood is also from Latin, flos, meaning flowery 14 ) Model DOG-PIN-45-5... Construction, lawn mowers or weed cutters designs for clients fruit maintains general urogenital health, dogwood trees offer flowers. Of my favorites and one I Use quite often in my landscape designs for clients Genus consists of 30-60 woody... A piece of fine sculpture to be useful. ” splinter made it popular for this role – alone! Of Virginia, the dogwood tree Food and homes are some suggestions to keep flowering Dogwoods ( florida. Smoothly … dogwood tree is a native tree and the state flower of North Carolina recent years, Dogwoods been...: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows ( archery ), mallets, pulleys, and state! There are various kinds of dogwood add a welcome touch of color in spring. And moist, and celebrate trees Genus: Cornus dogwood stoops also to be viewed from all sides Characteristics!