Initiate pain relief measure if indicated. Fiberglass is the better choice in case the limb must be X-rayed during the healing process. Plaster casts. Plaster used to be the only available material suitable for casts. Compare and contrast casts and cast braces. Pottery plaster—again, a different grade—is commonly used to make molds for ceramics, according to an article in "Old-House Journal." Fiberglass has several advantages compared to plaster. It is also available in a variety of colors. Instruct the client to avoid wetting the cast. It weighs less, so the cast made from it will be lighter. Compare and contrast plaster vs. synthetic cast: fresh fracture, open fracture. It dries in a few minutes, but may take a few hours to harden fully. Keep your child's cast dry during baths or showers by covering it with two layers of plastic, sealed with a rubber band or duct tape. More durable casts, with high conformability, fast setting times and load bearing after just 20 minutes, drive patient compliance. Lower limb long leg POP need more layers for strength more exothermic reaction Suggest to use pre-fabricated splint or synthetic cast for LL If a synthetic cast costs 1.5 times as much as a plaster cast, then it will only be cost-effective using a synthetic cast if it can be shown that a synthetic cast will last at least 1.5 times longer. Designed with ease of application and patient comfort in mind, synthetic casting materials come in fibreglass and polyester varieties. Plaster of Paris is calcined gypsum, which is a fine powder. Expose the fresh plaster cast to circulating air, uncovered, until dry (24 to 72 hours). Casting plaster and art plaster, a different grade of plaster, are best used in three-dimensional casting. A plaster cast is made from gauze and plaster strips soaked in water, which are then wrapped around the injured part to harden in 24 to 48 hours. These materials are wrapped around your leg in the same way as a plaster cast, except synthetic casts are lighter in weight. A synthetic cast is made from fiberglass or plastic strips, making it lighter than a plaster cast. Plaster casts and fiberglass casts with conventional padding aren't waterproof. Plaster Burn Heat generated during the setting can cause burn,especially if patient is unconscious, who cannot C/O hot to you! ) Distal radius fracture management usually includes a plaster cast, splint, and a moulded synthetic material cast to immobilise the injured upper extremity [5][6] [7] [8][9]. A synthetic cast is lighter than plaster. Expose the fresh synthetic cast until it is completely set (about 20 minutes). Synthetic casts can be different colors. A plaster cast is made by wetting these strips and rolling them onto the patient’s arm, usually over some cast padding material. These are wrapped around the injury over a stockinette and cotton padding. The plaster pattern is typically coated with an anti-adhesive compound to prevent it from becoming stuck against the mold, and the plaster is capable of filling in any gaps around the mold. Once the plaster material has been used to cast the part, it usually cracks or forms defects, requiring it to be replaced with fresh material. More durable and porous, fiberglass allows air to flow in and out. Plaster strips or rolls are made by coating gauze with Plaster of Paris. Instruct him to dry a synthetic cast with a hair dryer on cool setting if it gets wet. Orthopedic casts, now made from fiberglass, used to use gypsum plaster. Avoid swimming while wearing a cast that isn't waterproof. This is made from fiberglass or plastic strips. Synthetic stockinettes and padding are also available. 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