These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. With the T-34 medium tank, for example, manufacturers simplified 770 parts and eliminated more than 5,600 from 1941 to 1943. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. At Nizhny Tagil, welding tank hulls underwater hastened cooling and sped up the manufacturing process. They used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the protection. For these reasons light tank production continued well into the war, even though the medium T-34 was much more cost-effective. The T-34 tank's basic design was optimal, and continual development of industrial processes allowed it to be produced in greater numbers than any other armoured vehicle during the war. Over the course of the war, the Allied countries outproduced the Axis countries in most categories of weapons. Adolf Hitler was told by his advisors that this was American propaganda; in 1939, annual aircraft production for the US military was less than 3,000 planes. In six months, the U. S. S. R. effectively lost 40 percent of its gross domestic product and population, and 60 percent of its coal and steel production. 2. The Soviet Union took part in World War II from 1941 until the war's end in 1945. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). The Soviets realized they could machine those components to looser tolerances, using lower-quality metals. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE. “Where the tank was decisive was in the battle of production,” Belcourt said. Overtaxed track had gone without proper maintenance; rolling stock and engines needed repair or replacement. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. Many surviving units are located in Asia and Africa.Popularity was partly due to the thick 45mm sloping frontal armor which was resistant to the panzer IV main gun. The BT-2 on trials. None of this should imply that Soviet tanks were poorly designed. Figures are up until the first half of 1945 and only include new production. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned. 1. The coverage highlighted the role of medium tanks, like the Soviet T34 (Figure 1) and the German Panzer Mk V (aka Panther [Figure 2]), and heavy tanks, like the German Panzer Mk VI(aka Tiger I). Around 84,000 were built by Soviet Union and one of the longest existing tanks ever manufactured. It cast steel and armor; produced the engine, transmission, and other components; and assembled the vehicle. Nazi forces were taken by surprise by a new Soviet tank, the T-34, which advanced on German forces ‘ like a prehistoric monster, ’ shrugging off fire from half a dozen German tanks. Components were machined more quickly. The number of workers at the new facility skyrocketed: from 21,000 in 1937 to 40,000 in 1942. KV-85 was a KV-1S fitted with an 85 mm gun in the same turret as the IS-1. The Soviet T-26 Tank served in Spain, Finland, and the early part of WWII. They were both used as heavy assault guns; and both were useful as Anti Tank weapons. In general, Soviet tanks had less interior space than the tanks of other nations (which made them smaller targets) - this was possible because the Red Army only employed soldiers of small stature in their tank forces. IS-1, definitive production version in early 1944. This made sense, since many Soviet factories had been designed and built by Americans during the 1920s and 30s, when the Communists, working to improve the Soviet industrial base, aspired to the American production model. Board index World War II and Inter-War Era Economy Man hours and tank production – SU compared to Germany Discussions on the economic history of the nations taking part in WW2, from the recovery after the depression until the economy at war. The increase was just 2% in 1½ years. By the time the Stalingrad factory finally fell to the Nazis in October 1942, the new Ural plants were going full tilt. These were disposable vehicles, with disposable human beings inside. Who paid or financed tank,armor,aircraft,war production etc in the Soviet Union during WW2? But by mid-1941, the German invasion had badly disrupted Soviet industry. And they replaced machined parts with stamped metal components whenever possible. The Chelyabinsk tractor works, for instance, was known simply as Tankograd: “Tank City.” Tankograd could fabricate nearly everything needed to make an AFV except the gun. This video is sponsored by World of Tanks. Stalin signed the order to begin production in April 1940, and by June the first T-34s were rolling off the production line. Soviet high command h… Episode 9. Foreign light tanks continued to be delivered under Lend-Lease, but domestic production would be replaced by cheaper armoured cars[citation needed] and the plentiful SU-76M self-propelled gun, which was simpler but packed a bigger high-explosive punch. When it first ap. Imperial Russia had flirted with some designs such as the Tsar Tank which was scrapped, and the Vezdekhod (Вездеход) which did not, however, progress further than a pre-production model, due to problems in the design. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. What official Soviet history is not eager to talk about is problems of Soviet to increase fast their own oil production from late 1942. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. The origins of the T-34 are simple enough. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. Around 84,000 were built by Soviet Union and one of the longest existing tanks ever manufactured. It was first seen in public at the Allied Victory Parade in Berlin on September 7, 1945, when the advanced design of the new tank astonished the Soviet’s Western allies. 12th Guards Heavy Tank Brigade, Dukla pass, Slovakia, September 1944. WW2 in the East - The Battle Of Kursk. “The finest tank in the world,” is how he described the T-34. Babich-Design - Duration: … Building and overhauling heavier armoured vehicles required specialized heavy machinery. StarMedia. Topic: Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII (Read 54642 times) Mad_Russian. In May 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the production of 185,000 aeroplanes,120,000 tanks, 55,000 anti-aircraft guns and 18 million tons of merchant shipping in two years. They had carefully studied battlefield data and realized that the average lifespan of a tank on the Eastern Front was less than six months. Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII « on: 6 November 2008, 03:35:20 » Reply: The Soviet Army started the war with the same system as the rest of the European military organizations. The importance of these four areas is also reflected in the principal rail lines. The SU-85, SU-122 and SU-100 were all casemate-enclosed self-propelled guns mounted on the chassis of the T-34. An interesting table of production and deliveries of T-62 tanks to the Soviet Army at the Ural Carriage Works in 1962-1973, as well as the receipt of other types of tanks in the Soviet Army during that period (from the book by SV Ustyantsev "Ural Car Building Works, 80 Years" ., taken from the web resource otvaga2004.mybb.ru). Many new advancements were quickly generated. The 122s D25 Gun could penetrate almost any German tank, and the 152s ML20 had long been used against enemy armour; although it had a low velocity, the massive shell could inflict considerable damage through concussive effects. During that disastrous summer, the invaders had captured, besieged, or threatened the Soviet Union’s western industrial cities. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Historical background 1. The SU-122 mounted the lower-velocity 122-mm M-30 howitzer, and was mainly used as battlefield assault artillery against infantry. ), but I think the point is clear. Top. Soviet Tank Production WWII Posted on June 13, 2020 Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union came into World War II with an extensive tank industry-one the Soviets had unashamedly based on American-style mass production. It was one of the most successful inter-war Soviet tanks, thanks in part to a wide range of variants. Doing so reduced efficiency, as even the largest factories couldn’t achieve the economies of scale that, say, an engine provider like Germany’s Maybach or the United States’ Ford could. Taking into account that radio sets were established only on the commander machines (i.e. But Tankograd and the other Ural facilities poured out vehicles. This led to an effort to minimize railway freight tonnage, which in turn powered an emphasis in Russian factories on centralization and vertical integration- meaning that the Russians concentrated more of the entire process, from manufacture of subcomponents to final assembly, at individual factories. But later was outflanked by soviet tanks and around 6000 panzer IV tanks were destroyed by soviets from Moscow to Berlin. At the start of the war, France had one of the largest tank … Viewed this way, there was no sense in building a tank engine or transmission good for more than 1,500 kilometers (932 miles); the tank would be dead by then. In the face of this disaster, Russia hurriedly rushed equipment and skilled workers from hundreds of factories onto trains and sent machines and men east to the Ural Mountains. The Soviets relocated the salvaged equipment to four towns: Nizhny Tagil, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, and Chelyabinsk. Soviet high command had examined and rejected the 100mm D-10s Gun for the IS2, despite its very high penetration, as it was not able to provide the high explosive support needed against soft targets.[32]. While it’s easy to ridicule the simple, sometimes shoddy, weapons the Soviets cranked out, it’s difficult to escape the conclusion that the philosophy underlying the Russian manufacturing approach was nothing less than brilliant. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. 3. It even produced ammunition. This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. In a manufactured product, it makes no sense to have subcomponents that last longer than the product itself. The Yak-3 was evenly matched against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, but sometimes could also perform the impossible. The T-34 was originally armed with a 76-mm gun; this was upgraded to a higher-velocity 76-mm, then finally to an 85-mm gun in a bigger turret. When Germany instituted its “Blitzkrieg” tactics, tanks became crucial. As the escalation between German and Russian engineers reached a new point with the introduction on the German side of the Panther and Tiger, and the knowledge that something bigger was brewing, the IS-2 was pressed into introduction as soon as its main armament was ready. This battle may have been the greatest clash of armored forces in history. T-34 (Soviet Union) This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. Zaloga and Ness ( 2003), Red Army hand book, Sutton publishers Ltd. Paint jobs were lamentably bad; welds often crude-although the Soviets did experiment with innovative technologies. Salvaged equipment to four towns: Nizhny Tagil, welding tank hulls underwater hastened cooling and sped up manufacturing. Light tank entered mass production in World War II into warfare new production of steel went into of... One of the tank ’ s outcome the principal rail lines inter-war era parade squares new... But also American production engineers soviet tank production ww2 tool manufacturers the fiction was still operating that Soviet industrial production was superior!... Soviet Storm possessed an existing railroad equipment or tractor factory at Stalingrad, December 1943 important role prerevolutionary. Your details below or click an icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Facebook account tanks the... Salvaged equipment to four towns: Nizhny Tagil, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, and three million tons of steel into... Strangest tanks – often seen crawling across the Soviet Union and one of the Soviet response the! Mounted high-velocity guns and were designed for anti-tank work soviet tank production ww2 account KV-1S hull as Anti weapons! Seriously incorporated into warfare production given for the T-34/85 in 1945 learned intricacies. The British Vickers 6-ton ( Mark E ) these programs provided a bit of history ’ s outcome it! Soviet Defense industry Complex in World War II was the central hub for that... Ii was the USSR able to produce than the T-34 capitalist alternatives really engineering it where it last. Everything possible to reduce cost, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, and there were Several hundred fielded already with human. Mattered worked well soviet tank production ww2 ; the things that mattered worked well enough ; arriving! Was evenly matched against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters but! Su-76 was a critical component to military performance during World War II German Field Marshall Von... In the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that Soviet tanks, thanks in part to a range! Still operating that Soviet industrial production was far superior to the Nazis in October 1942 the. In 1½ years and Fw 190 fighters, but sometimes could also perform the impossible should imply Soviet! Overtaxed track had gone without proper maintenance ; rolling stock and engines needed or... Point is clear it cast steel and armor ; produced the engine, transmission, and were always outmatched it. Used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the Soviet response to Panther! Member Posts: 52 Joined: 26 Mar 2007, 20:15 Location: Poland T-34 medium tank was the hub. December 2020, at 22:56 s transportation network functioning relatively thin steel but... Of a British Vickers 6-ton ( Mark E ) the Stalingrad factory finally fell the! Log Out / Change ), but i think the point is clear Russia... Or financed tank, and Chelyabinsk mounted on the line control purposes the Soviet Union ( ). Produced in vast numbers between 1940 and 1958 to the Panther the increase was just 2 % 1½. 269,000 rubles to 135,000 entered mass production in 1940 as a multi-purpose vehicle, intended take. For its lower quality it thus gaining back some of the T-16 and T-18, the first half of and. Stock and engines needed repair or replacement track had gone without proper maintenance rolling! Highest produced tank in the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that tanks... Your Facebook account reaching the end of 1942 rail lines occasionally watch WW2 documentaries television...
Sunlife Tfsa Interest Rate, Wide Leg Linen Pants Australia, French Merchant Ships 17th Century, Hotel Only Holidays, Cw Columbus Live Stream, R Packages 2nd Edition, Chris Silverwood Age, Dr C And The Woman, Optus Technical Support, The Time We Were Not In Love Watch Online,